International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies
Volume 2, Issue 6, 2022
A Case study of Dyslexia with OCD
Author(s): Shamaila Ijaz, Farwah Rafaq, Dr. Sonia Ijaz Haider
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability in reading and writing, which requires adequate early intervention to prevent future school failure. Obsessive compulsive Disorder is avoidance of specific behaviors or repetition of behavior/thoughts.
A 10-year-old boy was diagnosed with “dyslexic” and having mild OCD. The evaluation of his family, social, medical, developmental, and academic status was done. The study follows a mixed method approach (questionnaire; face-to-face interviews; pre-posttests). Student performance on spelling, reading and writing skills were tested through Dynaread Dyslexia Test. The rating on OCD scale was borderline. The diagnostic evaluation shows a poor performance in written language, especially in accuracy reading and spelling and reading fluency. The OCD revolved around punctuality, clean dressing and wet hands.
The intervention program continued to be characterized by individual attention, structured and focused on written language, which aim to improve the educational needs that the student has in reading and writing. The CBT with children focused on his OCD thoughts.
The teaching and learning experiences that took place included a multisensory approach, which combined the modalities visual, auditory, kinaesthetic, and tactile, using technology (Tablets for special need students), Orton-Gillingham approach, brain gym exercises, in a context of written language as natural and meaningful as possible. After 30 weeks of thrice-weekly sessions, the student has achieved significant improvement in both reading and writing, reducing the number of errors in accuracy and fluency, and improved spelling and joints and fragmentation of words in their written compositions. The cbt improved his obsession with punctuality and irritability related with wet hands.
Keywords: Dyslexia, Urdu, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
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