E ISSN: 2583-049X

International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies

Volume 2, Issue 1, 2022

Proximate, Elemental, and Phytochemical screening of corn beard (maize style), with respect to its Medicinal uses

Author(s): G Owoeye, D Oke, K Owokotomo, K Akinola, S Olaoye


Maize corn (zea mays called Indian corn) has been used as food both as corn and flour as any other dishes. It belongs to the family called gramineae and, is the third most important cereal crop in the world after wheat and rice (FAO 1992). Therefore, this research seeks to study the corn beard for its medicinal use by caring out the proximate analysis, elemental, phytochemical screening and animal assay. using standard methods, the result of the study shows its moisture content: 4.30±0.02% protein content: 6.93±0.01% crude fibber:10.20±0.03% fat content: 3.80±0.12% and carbohydrate: 74.76% and the elemental show the present of potassium, sodium, manganese. magnesium, calcium and iron with the absent of nickel, cadmium, chromium and cobalt. While the phytochemical screening indicated the present of flavonoid, saponinin, tannin, phytobathalin, steroid, terpenoid cardiac glycoside. The antidiabetic, weight loss test and assay with the albino rat was positive., In conclusion. the present of some essential element, protein, with high fiber content and positive test to phytochemical screening, together with the spontaneous reaction with the albino rat assay, blood glucose level and body weight test indicated its medicinal potential, and that boiled distilled water extract of corn beared can be used to cure diabetes type II.

Keywords: Maize corn, corn beard, proximate, animal assay and diabetes

Pages: 95-99

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