International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies
Volume 2, Issue 6, 2022
Sweet Potato Leaves: A Review
Author(s): Yashwant Kumar Patel, Krishna Kumar Patel, Jitendra Kumar, Vinod Kumar
The sixth-most important food crop in the world is the edible tuber native to America called the sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). In a 45 trillion USD market, China dominates production. Domesticated sweet potato varieties vary phenotypic and genetic characteristics, but they are all high in sugars, resistant/slow-digesting starch, vitamins, minerals, bioactive proteins and lipids, carotenoids, polyphenols, ascorbic acid, alkaloids, coumarins, and saponins, depending on the genotype. The phytochemicals in sweet potato, either singly or in combination, protect against a wide range of diseases, including several forms of cancer and heart disease. Vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, dietary fibre, and vital fatty acids can be found in sweet potato leaves. This vegetable's bioactive ingredients contribute to health promotion by enhancing immunological function, lowering oxidative stress and free radical damage, decreasing the risk of cardiovascular disease, and inhibiting the formation of cancer cells. Consuming sweet potato leaves has been shown to have a few hemo-preventive benefits, and is now most popular in Asian and African nations as well as on Pacific Ocean islands. As a result, higher consumption of this vegetable should be encouraged. Since lowering the prevalence of chronic illnesses is important for public health. When compared to the main commercial vegetables, sweet potato leaves have a higher concentration of polyphenolics, specifically anthocyanins and phenolic acids. At least 15 biologically active anthocyanins, found in sweet potato leaves, have significant medical significance for a number of human ailments and can also be used as natural food colouring. The acylated cyanidin and peonidin types of anthocyanins were present. This review article examines the nutritional value and therapeutic importance of green sweet potato leaves, soil and climate, and health-promoting and disease-preventing bioactive chemicals.
Keywords: Antioxidants; Sweet potato; Ipomoea batatas; Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidant Activity
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