International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies
Volume 3, Issue 3, 2023
Formulation and Evaluation of the Physicochemical Composition of a Rice Based Complementary Food Fortified with Spirulina
Author(s): Christine Deborah Ngo Tang, Pascal Tobit, Marlyse Solange Leng, Inocent Gouado, Robert Ndjouenkeu
Childhood protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a status derived from an imbalance between nutritional and/or energy intake and needs and the weaning food remains the determining etiological factors in the onset of the disease. This work was undertaken to formulate a rice based complementary flour, enriched with spirulina capable of meeting the energy, macro and micronutrients needs of HIV infected children aged between 6 to 24 months suffering from MPE. Spirulina was used for it properties of boosting the immune system. A mixture design was develop using rice as source of carbohydrate, spirulina as source of protein and groundnut as source of lipids to make a balance diet according to standards. The results show that rice based complementary food formulated is balanced flour capable of meeting the energy and nutritional needs of weaning age children in accordance with the standards. The iron, calcium and magnesium contents also respect the standards. The weaning flour can be useful in managing protein and energy malnutrition of infected or non-infected child. However, zinc fortification is needed to fulfil the standard.
Keywords: Malnutrition, Complementary Food, Siprulina, Balance Diet, HIV Infected Children
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