International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies
Volume 3, Issue 3, 2023
Morbidity of Prostate Enlargement Among Adult Males Aged Thirty (30) Years and Above in Abia State, Nigeria
Author(s): Ezeibe EC, Nwoke BEB, Obasi KO, Ozims SJ, Eberendu I
The classical description of a healthy human male prostate portrays it as slightly larger than a walnut. The enlarged prostate which is also called Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is rather a potential problem to male’s health, it therefore becomes necessary to assess the morbidity of prostate enlargement among adult males aged thirty (30) years and above in Abia State. This work is a population based cross-sectional descriptive study among adult males of 30 years and above in Abia State Nigeria. It was designed to apply quantitative approaches through structured questionnaires to collect data. The instrument (questionnaire) was validated using face validity and content validity. The questionnaire was carefully prepared and was approved by the study supervisor. Also, inputs were obtained from two experts in prostate medicine. The distribution of the study participants for the severity of symptoms of prostate enlargement was based on assessment through International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and the digital rectal examination (DRE). At IPSS, a total of 353 (80.2%) were classified as no symptoms, 71 (16.1%) as mild symptom (0-7), 12 (2.7%) as moderate symptom (8-19) and almost one percent (0.9%) as severe symptom. It is therefore recommended that a screening programme for early detection of prostate enlargement in various work places should be undertaken periodically as there is a lot of potential benefit when illnesses are detected early and managed appropriately. Equally, there is need for raising the community’s awareness about prostate enlargement and it’s complications.
Keywords: Hyperplasia, Benign, Prostatic, Rectal, Validity, Questionnaire
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