International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies
Volume 3, Issue 5, 2023
Changes in Insulin Resistance, Lipid Profile, and Some Comprehensive Physiological Metrics (CPM) in Senior Football Players: A Comparative Analysis
Author(s): Manal F AL-Khakani, Nacereddine Toumi, Nawras Abdulameer Aziz
Background: The physiological adaptations of senior football players to intensive training remain a topic of interest in sports science. This study aims to investigate changes in insulin resistance, lipid profile, Comprehensive Physiological Metrics (CPM), and morphological traits in senior football players. Objectives:The objectives are to compare pre-test and post-test measurements of demographic data, CPM, morphological traits, insulin resistance (IR), and lipid profile among senior football players.
Materials and Methods: Thirty senior football players participated in the study. Demographic data, CPM, morphological traits, IR markers (Insulin, FBG, HOMA-IR), and lipid profile markers (TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C) were assessed. Statistical significance was determined using p-values.
Results: The study revealed significant improvements in several parameters. In current study, age and height remained non-significant. However, weight and BMI showed significant increases, and demonstrated significant improvements in Comprehensive Physiological Metrics (CPM), including calories burned (CB), total body water (TBW), body adiposity index (BAI), basal metabolic rate (BMR), average body fat percentage (ABF), and body fat weight percentage (BFW). Additionally, significant enhancements in morphological traits were observed, such as leg muscle circumference, hip circumference, waist circumference, and shoulder width. However, shoulder-to-waist ratio (SWR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) showed mixed results, while waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) remained non-significant.
Conclusion: Senior football players experienced significant improvements in insulin resistance, lipid profile, CPM, and various morphological traits following their training program. These findings suggest that regular football training can positively influence the health and fitness of senior individuals, contributing to their overall well-being.
Keywords: Senior Football Players, Insulin Resistance, Lipid Profile, Comprehensive Physiological Metrics (CPM), Morphological Traits, Intensive Training
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