International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Studies
Volume 3, Issue 5, 2023
Serum Toxoplasmosis Assessment of Libyan Sheep, Goats, and Chickens
Author(s): Sumaya Mustafa Allamoushi, Mohamed Kalefa Mansur, Najat Mohammed Mahmoud, Maher Mohamed Abed El Aziz
One of the most widespread parasite zoonosis in the world, toxoplasmosis affects most warm-blooded animal species, including humans. Toxoplasma gondii, intracellular parasite with a single cell, is the cause of infection. Most animals and people serve as intermediate hosts, leaving cats as the only ultimate hosts. This disease has current medical and veterinary significance since it can lead to congenital disorders, abortion and neonatal death in both individuals and wild animals. Toxoplasmosis infection put the public's health at risk from food-borne epidemics and results in significant financial loss. Using the Latex Agglutination Test (LAT) protocol, the current study aimed to determine the extent of toxoplasmosis distribution in the blood of Libyan sheep, goats, and chickens. One hundred blood samples were collected randomly from sheep (40 samples), goats (20 samples), and chickens (40 samples). Blood samples were collected from six different areas including Tripoli city. Results show that the overall infection takes the order: chicken (85 %) > sheep (75 %) > goats (50 %). The high rate of positivity toxoplasmosis was observed among the older age group for the three investigated animal species. The data was treated statistically by applying four statistical parameters, namely, squared deviations, variance, standard deviation and abnormality analysis. High estimation of the prevalence of toxoplasmosis (90 %) in Libyan sheep was released after the anomaly value is excluded.
Keywords: Toxoplasmosis, Libyan Sheep, Goats, Chickens, Latex Agglutination Test
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